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All You Need to Know about Moon Children's Disease

Sunday, July 18, 2021

All You Need to Know about Moon Children's Disease
Dry skin - archive photo

 

xeroderma, or baby of the moon, is a rare genetic disease with eight known subtypes, affecting one in 250,000 people worldwide, a condition more common in Japan, North Africa, and the Middle East than in the United States or Europe, and is usually diagnosed at a stage Breastfeeding or early childhood.


The seventh day provides everything you need to know about dry pigmented skin, according to healthline


Q: What are the symptoms of dry pigmented skin

 

Symptoms usually begin during childhood or during the first three years of life, and some people with the disease begin to show symptoms in late childhood or early adulthood .


1: Infants and young children with this disease usually start freckles in areas exposed to the sun. These areas include the face, neck, and legs.


2: Painful, blistering sunburns can also occur, and this happens regardless of how much time you spend in the sun. In some cases, children begin to feel sunburned as soon as they are exposed to the sun. These sunburns may lead to redness and blisters that can persist for weeks .


3: Extreme sensitivity to light (photophobia) .


4: Eyelids that turn abnormally inward (entropion) or outward (ectropion).


5: clouding of the lens of the eye.


6: Inflammation of the cornea, the lining of the eyelid, and the white part of the eye (sclera) .


7: Tears frequently.


8: Blindness caused by lesions near the eye.


9: Some people may also experience progressive hearing loss that may lead to complete hearing loss .


10: Poor motor skills.


11: Small head size (microcephaly) .


12: Delayed growth.


13: Muscle stiffness, cramping, or weakness.


14: Poor control of bodily movement (ataxia).


Q: What are the risk factors for dry pigmented skin?

The only people at risk are those who have one or both parents, who either have the disease or are carriers of the disease .


It is more prevalent in some isolated geographical areas This may, in part, be due to consanguinity meaning that both parents are blood relatives, such as cousins. If parents share a genetic background, their chances of passing the disease on to their children increase .


Q: What are the complications of the disease?

The most common complications are skin cancer, neurological abnormalities, eye abnormalities, and malignancies are also common. Repeated surgeries to remove tumors can lead to disfigurement, but it can be avoided by taking precautions against exposure to sunlight .


Q: What are the important tips to protect the patient from complications?

 

Those who have the disease need to take strict measures to protect every surface of the body from UV rays at all times. These precautions include :


1: Wear protective clothing, such as long-sleeved shirts, pants, and wide-brimmed hats.


2: Apply a broad spectrum sunscreen.


3: Use UV-protected glasses with shields.


Q: How is dry pigmented skin diagnosed?

 

Because the disease is so rare, and photosensitivity may be caused by many other conditions, doctors usually don't test for it .


If you have a family history of the disease, your doctor can determine your carrier's status with a test that uses a sample of blood or saliva. If you are pregnant and want to determine your fetus's risk of XP , a test called amniocentesis can be done. This test analyzes the fluid surrounding the fetus and can determine whether the fetus suffers from the disease or any other genetic diseases .

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