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What is Skin Cancer and its Symptoms?

Sunday, July 18, 2021

 

What is Skin Cancer and its Symptoms?
Skin cancer - archive photo


Skin cancer is the most serious cancers that are exposed patient, affecting his condition and his life, occurs skin cancer when they damage the cells of the skin , for example, due to excessive exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun, according to the site cancer , the types of skin cancer are:


There are three main types of skin cancer:

1: Basal cell carcinoma.


2: squamous cell carcinoma.


3: Skin cancer, the most dangerous type of skin cancer .


Both basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma are known as non-melanoma skin cancer or keratinocyte carcinomas, and keratinocyte carcinoma is more common in men, with approximately twice the incidence of it than in women .


Melanoma is the third most common cancer in Australians with the exception of keratinocyte carcinomas where data on incidence are not routinely collected .


Skin cancer symptoms

The sooner we identify and treat skin cancer, the better your chance of avoiding surgery or in the case of serious skin cancer or other skin cancer, possible disfigurement or even death. It is also a good idea to talk to your doctor about your risk level and for advice on early detection .


Be aware of the appearance of your skin, especially spots and moles, so you can catch any changes that may indicate skin cancer .


searching for:

Any crusty sores that do not heal


Small lumps that are red, pale, or pearly in color


New spots, freckles, or any moles that change color, thickness, or shape over a period of weeks to months .


Causes of skin cancer

There is no specific cause of skin cancer, but there are some factors that may increase the risk of developing it, including:


1: sunstroke.


2: Leather tanning.


3: Laying in the sun .


Skin cancer diagnosis

It is important to check your skin regularly and consult your doctor if you notice any changes. In most cases, your doctor will examine you, paying attention to any points that may appear suspicious. Your doctor may do a biopsy (removing a small sample of tissue for examination under a microscope), and in some cases, may Your GP will refer you to a specialist, such as a dermatologist, if necessary .


skin cancer treatment

Skin cancers are almost always removed. In more advanced skin cancers, some surrounding tissue may also be removed to make sure all cancer cells have been removed .


The most common treatment for skin cancer is surgery to remove the cancer, usually under a local anesthetic. Common skin cancers can be treated with ointments or radiotherapy (radiotherapy). Skin cancers can also be removed with cryotherapy using liquid nitrogen to quickly freeze the cancer, scraping, or cauterization (burning) .

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