Diabetes is a health condition that requires close monitoring, and neglecting it can make the patient vulnerable to a range of diseases and health complications, and one can maintain good health by paying attention to risks and taking routine care, according to a report by the time now news website .
What is the condition of diabetes?
Most of the food we eat is broken down into sugar (also called glucose) and then this sugar is released into the bloodstream. When blood sugar rises, the pancreas starts working and releases insulin .
Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which your immune system destroys insulin-producing (beta) cells in the pancreas. Insulin is a hormone that helps move sugar, or glucose, into the body's tissues. Your cells use it as fuel. As the beta cells are destroyed, there is no insulin so the blood sugar level rises. In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas makes insulin, but a person's body cells don't use it as well as they should. This is called insulin resistance. As a result, there is a buildup of sugar in the blood .
Steps to help you control your blood sugar
Pledge to work on your diabetes: Your doctor may be able to explain the basics of diabetes care but it's up to you to manage your condition. Try to understand everything you can about your diabetes. Make sure your daily routine includes healthy eating and adequate physical activity: Stay away from unhealthy weight gain Don't neglect daily blood sugar monitoring. Do not skip or arbitrarily change prescribed medications .
Quit smoking: According to the CDC in the United States, smokers suffer from serious health problems and complications such as heart and kidney disease and poor blood flow in the legs and feet that can lead to infections, ulcers, possible amputations, and retinopathy (an eye disease that can cause It causes blindness), and peripheral neuropathy (the nerves in the arms and legs that cause numbness, pain, weakness, and poor coordination).
Schedule regular health exams and an eye exam: According to the Mayo Clinic, during the physical exam, your medical professionals will ask about your nutrition and activity level and look for any diabetes-related complications (such as signs of kidney damage, nerve damage, heart disease, retinal damage, cataracts, and glaucoma). , etc.) Prevention is a good measure and timely detection will preclude any further damage .
Monitor blood pressure and lipid levels: Like diabetes, high blood pressure can damage blood vessels, and high cholesterol, along with diabetes, can lead to heart attack, stroke, or other life-threatening conditions Your doctor may advise you to exercise, change diet and prescribe Medicines if needed .
Take care of your feet: The feet of a diabetic person is the most vulnerable part, oftentimes, diabetic neuropathy leads to loss of sensation and one cannot detect infection until it is too late, check your feet daily during bath time, protect your feet, keep them clean and moisturized Using a good cream after drying them well Look also between the toes .
Take care of your teeth: Diabetics are more likely to develop gum infections. Brush your teeth at least twice a day, and floss once a day. Don't miss one regular dental checkup after every six months.
Keep your vaccination appointments: Don't skip any vaccinations your doctor feels you need to have, especially in light of your diabetes condition. According to research, hyperglycemia in diabetes is thought to cause a malfunction in the immune response, which fails to control the spread of pathogens. Invasive in diabetic patients Therefore, it is known that people with diabetes are more susceptible to infection so, it is best to be protected with vaccinations .