|mobilized the Taliban|
The acceleration of the Taliban's takeover of the Afghan provinces and provinces has puzzled many interested people, including the Americans who know the organization well. However, the past period revealed a different strategy for the movement, this time towards Kabul, which seemed to surprise even the local warlords.
Afghan sources who spoke to "The Independent Arab" say that the Taliban suddenly became in a hurry for many reasons, as they did not want to miss "the circumstances of confusion and shock in the Afghan scene with the withdrawal of US and international forces, and they wanted to exploit the circumstance lightly before the former warlords returned And international forces with different interests organize their ranks inside Afghanistan.”
This comes at a time when it became clear to the movement that the momentum of negotiations with the Americans, from which it benefited greatly in improving its diplomatic image, would not have reached in the end to convince Kabul to see them in power, in the midst of a reality in which the dominance of the "Taliban", albeit with the participation of many The parties it accepts, such as religious, tribal and political figures who were not in the forefront during the occupation period.
In the footsteps of American power "595"
Accordingly, the independent source says, it became clear that the field leaders of the movement had a ready-made military plan to control the country that was not taken into account, following the path of the American invasion that began in the north, in a battle led by the American “595” Special Force on October 16 (October), which launched From the nearby Washington base in Uzbekistan in a helicopter gunship to fight a fierce battle in Besham , after which the city of Mazar-i-Sharif fell, after crushing the supplies of the "Al-Qaeda" and Taliban forces in the strategic "Tiangi" corridor, and then the rest of Afghanistan, with the support of the Northern Alliance brigades. Led by the two warlords Dostum and Atta.
As for the Taliban movement, it took the initiative this time to besiege Kabul from the north, after bitter historical experiences, which made those areas difficult to move until its last days in Afghanistan, which gave it priority in the movement’s plan for this round of Afghanistan’s wars, especially as it includes warlords Traditionalists such as Dostum, whose stronghold was overthrown by the Taliban, and the confiscation of his palace, as well as his military uniform that one of the ISIS fighters wore, in an attempt to sow frustration among the old leader's supporters, but this did not prevent him from returning outside the country for a medical trip. And organizing the ranks of his fighters, according to what was announced with the support of President Ashraf Ghani and former warlords in Mazar Sharif to repel the Taliban from the historic city, with its special symbolism, which made it the “key to Afghanistan” who owns it, which opens the rest of the doors for him.
But experts on the Afghan issue, many of whom “The Independent Arabia” spoke to, do not pin much hopes on the move led by Ghani and Dustum in Mazar-i-Sharif, describing it as too late, especially since the Shiite “Hazara” minority militia in the region is supported by Iran in wars that preceded It has reportedly become isolated from any support from Tehran, despite its desperation in defending its strongholds, after the Taliban movement has so far succeeded in winning Tehran's position, and Afghan activists circulated on social media what they said was the wreckage of an Iranian drone, it was shot down. fighters. The Indian government's closure of its consulate in the city and the deportation of its diplomats, along with the flight of huge numbers of residents to Kabul, according to the "Independent" correspondent, are among many indications of rising concern about the fall of the city, or the outbreak of violence in it at a more severe pace.
Nevertheless, according to the president's adviser, Zulhaq Amrkhil, Kabul is still hoping for international support once again, to pressure the Taliban "to speed up the negotiation process, and to convince Afghanistan's neighbors that a stable and prosperous Afghanistan is better for them and the Afghan people."
And the government blames Pakistan in particular, which it accuses of supporting the movement militarily and logistically, as the first vice president of Afghanistan, Amrullah Saleh, says on his account on "Twitter", "In the last 20 days, more than 110 articles and comments were written by reputable journalists, researchers and warriors." In the Western media alone, they all stand by the Afghan people and refer to Pakistan as 'infrastructure to support the Taliban', so who is lying?"
The former Afghan ambassador to Saudi Arabia, Mr. Jalal, says that the Taliban's understanding with the Russians at a previous stage made the northerners' backs exposed, which leads us to expect more control over the large provinces. The Taliban imposed the fait accompli by force of arms and diplomacy, with which it has convinced Afghanistan's neighbors so far of neutrality, "unless this last fact changes, the encirclement of Kabul is only a matter of time."
In another aspect of the scene, one of the keys to the explanation of the encirclement, which accelerated in an unexpected way, is that the Americans, who were shocked by what is happening on the ground, had spoken several times about the need for the Afghan forces to rely on their own efforts, which means that they are not sure of the ability of the Afghan forces. Kabul to carry out all the burdens of defense on its own, but they nevertheless left it facing its inevitable fate, which led a Saudi analyst such as Khaled Al-Dakhil to believe that the handover of Afghanistan to the Taliban took place in the context of a settlement and barter with the Americans, regardless of what is reported in the media, warning of Repetition of a similar approach in the Arab region, with America's withdrawal from the region and pushing to hand it over to extremist forces and militias in Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and possibly Yemen as well.
Race with the Snow General
As for the purely strategic factor that prompted the Taliban to rush to dominate in Kabul before agreeing on a peaceful formula with the rest of the forces, it is the “weather” factor. It has been known since previous wars that the sovereignty over the land belongs to the field fighters, but they are in Afghanistan with the beginning of the snowfall after the early In November, their movement is almost paralyzed, which means that delaying inevitable battles is likely after the American withdrawal for the Taliban; It would bring the Snow General into the conflict equation and the cards would then be mixed.
The forces of the American "Magir" division, which first entered Afghanistan in 2001, accelerated at the same pace for fear of sudden snow after the aforementioned date, which made this strategy one of the war plans of which the American army is proud, to the extent that it allowed to turn its facts into a movie, telling its story as It took place, in “12 Strong”, they are the men of force that formed the beginning of the American invasion of Afghanistan, so it deserved to be immortalized by the White House men in the “Horse Man” memorial in front of the World Trade Center towers in New York, in a symbolism that simulates reality, as the battles on the ground were being conducted Actually, by horses, even if air support is by "B52" whenever possible.
Women and minorities
But for the Taliban movement, as usual, it interprets this haste as a translation of its desperation from the government in Kabul showing goodwill in negotiations, which were supposed to agree on governing the country and organizing its affairs after the occupier’s exit.
The head of the Taliban's political office, Mullah Baradar Akhund, said in a statement that "Independent Arabia" obtained an early copy of it in Pashtun, the official language of the Taliban, before circulating it in other languages, that they "are committed to resolving issues through dialogue, and we have proven this in practice, and to negotiate with the United States." Reaching a conclusion and then resuming intra-Afghan talks is clear evidence, and we have also set up a political office because we want to solve problems through understanding."
However, he mentioned that the two main goals of his men's struggle are "the country's independence and freedom, which is in the process of being accomplished, God willing, and the establishment of an independent Islamic system in accordance with the values of the people, which is the desire of the entire nation, and it has made great sacrifices for this purpose over forty years."
In what appeared to be a speech originally given to participate in the deliberations of a dialogue between the parties in Doha, Akhund stressed that the Taliban did not want a monopoly on power, "rather we want a comprehensive Afghan central Islamic system in which every class of the nation has the opportunity to work on the basis of merit, devoid of any kind of types of corruption, all citizens should be equal before the law, and no one should be above the law.”
With the grave violations that several countries and the United Nations have said that the Taliban were involved in during their control of cities over the past weeks, its political leader tells another different story, adding, "We are fully committed to international principles, human rights, minority rights, women's rights, freedom of expression, and all national rights in The light of Islamic principles and the supreme interests of the nation and the people,” which is denied by a number of international organizations and foreign embassies in Kabul.
"In particular, I must say that women have the right to education, the right to work, the right to property and trade, and the Islamic Emirate will guarantee all their rights in the light of Islamic principles and national interests, as well as the rights of minorities. No one should worry about this and not fall prey to propaganda." ".
He pointed out that taking control of the provinces' states after pledging to avoid this is due to Kabul's failure to respect its commitments, he said.