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How is Marburg Virus infection Transmitted? Global Health Answers

Wednesday, August 11, 2021

How is Marburg Virus infection Transmitted? Global Health Answers
Symptoms of Marburg virus

 

Bats still pose a great danger to the world, because they are a very dangerous source of many viruses and infectious diseases that are not only limited to the Corona virus, but are also responsible for the outbreak of a new virus called Marburg or hemorrhagic fever, and the danger of the virus lies in the high death rates resulting about 50%, and may vary from 24% to 88%.


The World Health Organization said that fruit bats are the first host of the Marburg virus, which is transmitted from bats to humans, and is considered an infectious disease, as Marburg virus disease was initially discovered in 1967 after an outbreak of the disease in the cities of Marburg and Frankfurt in Germany.


Marburg virus belongs to the Ebola virus family, and it is originally a filamentous virus that differs in its danger from other viruses in its high death rates.


The disease appeared more than 50 years ago, after an outbreak of the disease in a laboratory in Angola, Congo and South Africa, to disappear and reappear in 2008. Two cases were reported by travelers who visited a cave inhabited by bat colonies in Uganda .


Marburg virus infection is transmitted from person to person by direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes) with blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected people, or through surfaces and materials (such as bedding and clothing) contaminated with these fluids .


Infection is also transmitted through contaminated injection equipment, or through burial ceremonies for the dead who died as a result of the disease, as traces of the virus remain in the blood of the infected for a long time, and the incubation period, which is the time interval from infection to the appearance of symptoms, ranges from 48 hours to 21 days.


The feeling of headache, high temperatures and watery diarrhea are among the most prominent early symptoms, as diarrhea can continue for a continuous week, but the most dangerous symptoms that pursue the infected are the hemorrhagic fever that appears on the seventh day from the appearance of symptoms, and bleeding occurs in vomiting or stool or may Bleeding from the nose, gums and vagina also occurs.


Patients may suffer from high fever, which affects the central nervous system, confusion and irritation, causing testicular infections, which are in the late stage of the disease, and death due to the virus may occur between the eighth and ninth day after the onset of symptoms, which is the result of severe blood loss.

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