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On World Polio Day.. Learn About The Causes, Symptoms and Treatment of The Disease

Sunday, October 24, 2021

 

On World Polio Day.. Learn About The Causes, Symptoms and Treatment of The Disease
Polio vaccinations


Egypt and the world celebrate World Polio Day, which falls on October 24 each year, and protecting children from devastating epidemics is a critical public health goal for governments and health care institutions alike, and polio, like “Corona” is a highly contagious disease against which the whole world has fought, according to what According to doctor-ndtv, here's what you need to know about polio.


What is polio?

Polio is an infection caused by the polio virus, which leads to nerve damage and muscle paralysis. Transmission of the polio virus occurs by contact with infected secretions from the nose and throat (airborne), or by contact with feces (faecal-mouth), the virus enters the mouth and nose, and multiplies in the throat or gastrointestinal tract, and spreads through the blood to the rest of the body.


what are the reasons?

There are three types of polioviruses that can cause paralysis, but the first type most often causes paralysis, followed by types 3 and 2.


What are the symptoms?

Symptoms are nonspecific and may include: fever, sore throat, headache, muscle aches, headache, anxiety and excessive sweating, nausea, vomiting, and constipation, excessive tiredness, weakness, and irritability, cases that resolve within a week without becoming paralyzed.


Approximately two-thirds of these children have a short, symptom-free interval between minor and major (central nervous system) illnesses. Symptoms in cases of paralysis are: Fever, headache, irritability and stiffness in the neck and back Rapid onset of weakness in one or more muscle groups leading to paralysis What part of the body does paralysis usually begin during a fever?


Often the first presentation, pattern of paralysis asymmetric usually affects only one limb, lower extremities more than upper extremities Paralyzes muscle atrophy over time Abnormal sensation (but not loss): Sensitivity to touch Light touch may be painful. Difficulty urinating, constipation, feeling bloated in the abdomen, difficulty swallowing and breathing.


How is the diagnosis made?

Many diseases can be associated with muscle weakness. Poliomyelitis is suspected in a patient who develops sudden paralysis on one side of the body after a brief febrile illness. Stiffness of the neck and spine are the hallmarks of the non-paralytic form. The virus can be easily cultured from faeces, throat secretions, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Blood can be tested for antibodies against polio viruses, and cerebrospinal fluid tests help confirm the diagnosis in neurological conditions.


what is the cure?

Treatment generally includes pain relievers for muscle spasm and aches, fever reducers, sedatives with a good diet, avoidance of exertion for the next two weeks, hot compresses (stimulation of warm water) for 10-15 minutes every 2-4 hours can relieve stiffness Muscle cramping.


During the acute phase, the paralyzed child needs complete bed rest. Pressure on the affected muscles should be avoided. Splints or footrests help relax the affected muscles. Passive movements of joints are allowed within the pain range. Hospital treatment is necessary for progressive paralysis, difficulty breathing, and aggravation of the senses. Once the virus is inactive, physical therapy can improve muscle function.



Source  youm7

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