Ramadan, Arabic Ramaḍān, is the ninth month of the Muslim calendar and the holy month of fasting. It begins and ends with the appearance of the crescent moon.
For Muslims, Ramadan is a period of introspection, communal prayer (ṣalāt) in the mosque, and reading of the Qurʾān. ṣawm is the obligation to refrain between dawn and dusk from food, drink, sexual activity, and all forms of immoral behavior, including impure or unkind thoughts.
Eid al-Fitr, the "Feast of Fast-Breaking," is celebrated on the last day of Ramadan
It is one of the two major religious holidays of the Muslim calendar, marking the end of Ramadan.
Children wear new clothes, women dress in white, special pastries are baked, gifts are exchanged, the graves of relatives are visited, and people gather for family meals and to pray in mosques.