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The Difference Between Data Information and Knowledge

Wednesday, March 16, 2022

 

The difference Between Data Information and Knowledge


Through this article from Since Few, you can learn about The difference Between Data Information and Knowledge where many believe that the three terms have the same meaning and each term is synonymous with the other, but this is one of the common misconceptions, and recognizing the difference between these terms is a matter of interest With his knowledge, researchers are preparing scientific research for one of these terms in order to explain and clarify it for readers, and this requires research in various sources in order to identify the concept of each, so in the following lines we present to you the concept of data, information and knowledge.


The Difference Between Data Information and Knowledge


The terms data and information are related to many fields such as computers. As for knowledge, it is mainly related to the field of education. Below we explain to you the concept of data, information and knowledge:

Data Concept

  • The concept of data refers to a set of facts that represent the input to the system, facts in their initial state that have no meaning since they have not been processed.
  • Data takes many forms of phrases, numbers, or symbols, and is the raw material for information.
  • It is also among other concepts of data that it refers to a number of observations and measurements that take symbols, letters and numbers, and require their complete collection in order to be processed.
  • Data are also defined as random facts that require regulation, facts that have not yet been repeated.
  • Data needs to be organized specifically so that it has meaning that the reader can understand.
  • Data is mainly divided into two types: analog data and digital data.
  • Data is originally a Latin word, “datum,” which in its meaning denotes giving a meaning.


Information Concept


  • Information is defined as a set of processed, organized and coordinated data, consisting of a number of concepts and ideas.
  • The concept of information also refers to processed data that answers questions that begin with where, when, who, and what.
  • Scientists also defined information as data that has been processed, analyzed, and filtered in order to reach a specific goal.
  • Information is also defined as the processed data that is meaningful and useful to the one who reads it, and it has been processed either manually or via a computer.
  • Some scholars have indicated in defining information linguistically as a term whose derivation goes back to the term science, which in its concept refers to a group of various meanings that the recipient learns.
  • Information is originally a French word meaning the verb to inform.


Knowledge Concept


  • The concept of knowledge refers to a set of information that is exchanged between one person and another in order to benefit from it.
  • Knowledge is also defined as the sum of experiences acquired by man, and benefiting from it requires the application and practice of all that has been learned.
  • Knowledge requires relying on processed information to complete a specific job.


The Differences Between Data and Information


Below you can learn the difference between data and information:


  • Data are random facts that have not been processed, as for information, they are organized and processed facts.
  • Also, data consists of facts devoid of any understandable meaning, as for information, it has values that the reader can understand.
  • Data is independent because it is the raw material for information and is not based on it in the first place, unlike the information that depends on it mainly.
  • Data is measured in bytes and palts, while information is measured in multiple units such as temperature, speed, and time.
  • Data refers to collective things, as opposed to information that refers to individual things.


The Difference Between Information and Knowledge


  • Information is processed facts that the beneficiary obtains in a systematic way, while knowledge refers to the experience or experience gained, which consists of multiple valuable information.
  • Information is made up of data, while knowledge is made up of experience and information.
  • Information advances representation, while knowledge enhances awareness.
  • The result of information is the understanding of what the reader has received, while knowledge is the result of perception.
  • Information is reproducible, and knowledge is ultimately reproduced.
  • Information is easy to transfer in order to understand it, as for knowledge, its realization requires learning first.
  • Information is not reliable alone in making predictions, while identifier can be relied upon alone in forecasting.
  • Not all information provided to the recipient is knowledge. As for knowledge, it includes all the information provided to the recipient.


What is The Difference Between Data and Information in A Computer?


  • The concept of data in the computer refers to it being the input language, and a set of raw materials that have not been processed.
  • As for the meaning of the information in the computer, it refers to the digitally processed language output.
  • One of the most prominent concepts related to data in the computer is data representation, which in its concept refers to the process of converting data into visible things.
  • The data represented is divided into several categories including timelines and graphs.


Data and Information Properties


Data Properties

  • There are many characteristics of data, the most important of which are that they are accurate, sufficient and appropriate.
  • Another characteristic of the data is that it is diverse and fast.


Information Properties

Information has many characteristics, including the following:

  • Comprehensiveness: where the information is sufficient for all requirements, and is completely comprehensive.
  • Accuracy: where the information is based on facts and free from errors, where it is reliable.
  • Flexibility: where the information is adaptable to meet the needs of the beneficiaries.
  • Completeness: where the information is integrated in order to reach the specified goal.
  • Appropriateness: where the information is commensurate with the objectives assigned to it.
  • Neutrality: where the information is not biased in any specific direction.
  • Form: where the information is characterized as taking a detailed form that is relied upon in making decisions, and it takes the form of a summary through which problems are reached.

Among other characteristics of the information are the following:

  • compressibility.
  • The ability to be used for multiple purposes.
  • portability for easy accessibility.
  • susceptibility to spread.

The Importance of Data and Information


  • Data and information play a major role in decision making in organizations.
  • Facilities help maintain their position by working to collect them.
  • Information plays a vital role in organizations in the performance of management functions that include control, planning and organization.
  • The information is used as a measure of financial performance activity in organizations.
  • The information is used to monitor the implementation of regulations and laws and in establishments.

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