Many people are wondering about The Horn of Africa grouping Where the African continent is one of the active and important continents in the world, and a very large number of countries are located in it and is responsible for exporting raw materials to many developed countries, and also has a lot of natural resources, This was the reason for the formation of some alliances and unions, and in this article presented to you from an encyclopedia we will explain to you the concept of the countries of the Horn of Africa.
What is The Grouping of Countries in the Horn of Africa?
The African continent is one of the most prominent and important seven continents in the world, and there is a union of countries known as the Union of the Horn of Africa, and in this paragraph we will explain the most important information about the nature of this grouping.
- These countries are located in an area headed by the Bab al-Mandab Strait, on the coastal side of Africa.
- The Somali island is located on it, and the countries of the Horn of Africa have an important and distinct strategic position on the world map, and it has many distinct and important landmarks.
- It is located to the north of the Red Sea, and to the south of the Indian Ocean, and this century is located within a number of countries, namely Somalia, Djibouti, Eritrea and Ethiopia.
- Some geographers consider Sudan and Kenya to be among the countries within the Horn of Africa.
- The countries of the Horn of Africa possess a set of distinct and diverse characteristics from other countries and other unions.
- These countries combine climatic nature, biota, and a fairly good economy.
Why Are The Countries of the Horn of Africa Called By This Name?
After we got to know the nature of the African assembly, many people wonder about the secret of naming the countries of the Horn of Africa by that name, and in this paragraph we will explain to you the main reason for that.
- If you observe, dear reader, the map, you will find that these countries are in the form of a horn located on the Indian Ocean and the Gulf of Aden.
- These countries include Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea and Djibouti, in addition to Kenya and Sudan.
- This is due to the border overlap and the tribal overlap between countries, and the State of Yemen is considered one of the countries in the Horn of Africa, because of geographical proximity, nothing more.
- Although the state of Yemen and the state of Sudan are linked to the Horn of Africa, geographers believe that the main countries in this scope are Somalia, Djibouti, Eritrea and Ethiopia.
- But Ethiopia recently left it after it seceded from Eritrea, and it no longer supervises the Gulf of Aden.
How Many Countries in The Horn of Africa?
The countries of the Horn of Africa are an inseparable part of the African continent, and these countries have great geographical and political importance, and in this paragraph we will explain to you the countries involved in this geographical cooperation.
The number of countries in the Horn of Africa is 4, but after Ethiopia was divided, the number of countries became three, but to be clear, Ethiopia still enjoys political influence over the countries of the Horn of Africa.
Among The Countries in The Horn of Africa Are The Following:
- Somalia: Somalia is one of the most important coastal countries in the African continent, as Somalia is located in the eastern region of Africa.
- The Republic of Somalia shares its borders with the Gulf of Aden, and also shares with a group of countries on the Pacific Ocean, such as Ethiopia and Kenya.
- Somalia has a population of more than 15 million people, all of whom speak the Somali language and the second language in the country is Arabic.
- Djibouti: The country of Djibouti is one of the countries of great prestige and importance in the countries of the Horn of Africa.
- It is distinguished by being located in the eastern corner of the continent of Africa, and shares its borders with Somalia and Ethiopia, in addition to the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea.
- This country was part of France, but its independence was declared, and Djibouti contains many different races.
- Europeans and Somalis live in it, and French and Somali are the primary languages of that country.
- Eritrea: The country of Eritrea is of great importance in the Horn of Africa.
- It is characterized by being located in the eastern corner of the continent of Africa, just like the state of Djibouti.
- It is characterized by its distinguished and wonderful strategic and geographical location, which makes it a major place for many activities.
- The population of that country exceeds 3 million, and most of the population speaks English and Arabic.
- Ethiopia: Although it separated from the Horn of Africa, it is one of the countries that influence the countries of the Horn of Africa.
- Ethiopia has an area of one million square kilometers, a large population of more than 112 million, and Amharic is the official language in the country.
Geographical and Climatic Features of The Countries of The Horn of Africa
Formed countries of the Horn of Africa Formed about 18 million years ago, the countries of the Horn of Africa enjoy being located close to the equator as well as located on the Tropic of Cancer.
- This area is characterized by the presence of a large number of highlands, which formed approximately the great rift valley.
- The climate in those regions varies according to the country, as the Ethiopian country is located in the lowlands.
- But it is moderate in the highlands, while Somalia enjoys a hot climate throughout the year, and it is possible that rain will fall on some places.
The Economy of The Countries of The Horn of Africa
- The member states of the Horn of Africa had an economic turnover of about $106 billion in 2010.
- Their economy is based on the export of some raw materials and some fruits and vegetables to Western countries.
- Bananas and livestock make up a large part of each country's economy.
- As Somalia exports many livestock and animals.
- Ethiopia exports coffee and the rest.
- Member countries export some types of animals and vegetables as well as fruits and livestock.
- The regions of the Horn of Africa are distinguished by their large borders and their wonderful strategic location.
- It overlooks the Gulf of Aden and overlooks Bab al-Mandab and is close to oil wells located in the Arabian Peninsula and the Arabian Gulf.
- It is also close to the Great Lakes in the center of the African continent, and most of the countries of the Horn of Africa depend on two types of exports: milk, bananas and livestock.
- The Horn of Africa countries are considered one of the most important strategic regions in the world, as they overlook the Gulf of Aden, Bab al-Mandab and the Red Sea.
- It also has waterways of military and commercial importance, especially after the opening of the Suez Canal in Egypt.
- Its activity has increased in the Horn of Africa, due to the discovery of oil and gas in the Arabian Peninsula.
- The countries of the Horn of Africa have become among the countries with vital interests for those industrialized countries in the high value of their waterways.
- The Horn of Africa was one of the places of great interest in Western powers, as they competed from the beginning of the Portuguese exploration campaigns in the mid-sixteenth century AD until the nineteenth century, for those areas that were thus subjected to colonialism for years.
- During the Cold War periods, these regions witnessed great competition between the United States of America and the Soviet Union.
- But the Soviet Union retreated from its position and then collapsed.
- The competition for those countries became between the United States of America and France.
- It has gained great strategic importance due to the presence of ports, and the Horn of Africa countries are the sources of the Nile River, on which Egypt depends for 85 percent of its annual share.
- Ethiopia is currently seeking to control the waters of the Blue Nile, which distributes water to Egypt and Sudan.
- This is through controlling the tributaries and establishing projects funded by the United States of America and Israel.