In this article, we explain to you from the Since Few website when Ukraine was founded. The state of Ukraine is located on the eastern side of the continent of Europe, and its northern borders are shared by Belarus, and in its southern borders it shares with the Sea of Azov and the Black Sea, as for its eastern borders it shares with Russia, while On its borders with Poland, Slovakia and Hungary, it is located on an area of 603,550 square kilometers.
It is worth noting that Ukraine is a member of many organizations, most notably: the International Finance Corporation, the Black Sea Economic Cooperation Organization, the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the World Trade Organization, the Council of Europe, and the United Nations.
When Was Ukraine Founded?
- The history of Ukraine's founding dates back to 1990 AD, after it managed to obtain its independence, and the country's independence was declared on July 16.
- In 1991, the Verkhovna Rada declared an independent and democratic Ukraine, and adopted the Independence Act, after the majority of the Ukrainian people voted in approval of the independence of the state.
- Ukraine was among the dependent countries of the Soviet Union from 1923 until the year it gained independence, and it was known as the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.
Early History of Ukraine
- In the year 4500 BC, many settlements were established in Ukraine, in conjunction with the development of the Kokotini Terpelia civilization, and in the period that ranged from 700 BC to 200 BC, Ukraine was one of the regions belonging to the Kingdom of Scythia.
- In the Iron Age Ukraine was inhabited by Sarmatians, Cimmerians and Scythians.
- By the fifth century AD, the Byzantines, Greeks and Romans established colonies in the Roman lands, most notably Hermonasa and Teras.
- In the fifth century AD, the Goths settled in the Ukrainian lands, and the Huns were the rulers of it.
- At the end of the seventh century AD, Ukraine witnessed the migration of many Bulgarian tribes to it, and the territory of Eastern Ukraine became a vassal of the ancient Kingdom of Bulgaria.
The Golden age of Ukraine
- By the ninth century, Ukraine witnessed the exodus of the Kievan Prus, a Slavic tribe, who established a kingdom in western Ukraine that included lands from Russia and Belarus.
- Kyiv flourished in the tenth and eleventh centuries and became the modern capital of the country, and it was divided into a group of emirates.
- The city of Kyiv witnessed a prosperous era known as the “Golden Age of Kievan Rus’” in which Byzantine Christianity spread during the reign of Vladimir the Great.
- The country was subjected to disintegration during the reign of ruler Vladimir Monomakh, which resulted in the division of the state into a group of emirates independent of each other.
External Control of Ukraine
- A kingdom known as “Galicia-Volhynia” was formed in the thirteenth century after the country was invaded by the Mongols, and by the fourteenth century it came under the rule of Casimir III of Poland, and many Ukrainian lands came under Polish rule.
- After the outbreak of the Russo-Polish war in 1654, Austria gained control of the Ukrainian Kingdom of Galicia, while Russia controlled most of Ukraine.
- The period that ranged from 1657 AD to 1686 AD witnessed a war between Russia and Poland for the seizure of Ukrainian lands. The war ended with the lasting peace that resulted from Russia’s seizure of Kyiv and eastern Dnieper, and Poland’s seizure of western Dnieper and the rest of the Ukrainian lands.
Ukraine in World War I
- Ukraine was one of the most prominent countries participating in the First World War, and the number of participants from the Ukrainian army exceeded 3 million soldiers, who participated with the Russian army.
- One of the most prominent results of the First World War was the emergence of the Ukrainian national movement, and Ukraine was divided into a group of independent states, the most prominent of these states: the Ukrainian Soviet Republic and the Ukrainian People's Republic.
The Polish-Ukrainian War
- Ukraine witnessed the outbreak of the Polish-Ukrainian war in 1918, which lasted for two years. After the war ended, the Soviet Union controlled the largest proportion of Ukrainian lands. As for Volhynia and Galicia, they became dependents of Poland.
- In World War II, Ukraine was unified for the first time after Poland was invaded by Germany and the Soviet Union, and Ukraine became an entire Soviet state.
Administrative divisions of Ukraine
Ukraine is mainly divided into three regions which include the following:
First Section Area
The Second Section Area
The Third Section Area
The Most Prominent Ukrainian Cities
- Kyiv city.
- Kharkiv city.
- Dnipro city.
- Odessa city.
- Donetsk city.
- City of Zaporizhia.
- Lviv city.
- Mykolaiv city.
- City of Mariupol.
- City of Luhansk.
- The city of Makevka.
- Kherson city.
- The city of Poltava.
- The city of Chernigov.
- Cherkasy city.
- Sumy city.
- The city of Rivne.
- Ukraine has a population of more than 42 million, and a population density of 77 people per square kilometer.
- The population of Ukraine is characterized by ethnic diversity, as the proportion of the Ukrainian population exceeds 77% of the total population, and the country includes multiple nationalities, most notably Russians, who account for more than 17%, in addition to Belarusians, who account for 0.6%.
- Ukraine also includes other nationalities of Moldovans with a percentage of up to 0.5%, along with Crimean Tatars with a percentage of up to 0.5%, in addition to Bulgarians with a percentage of 0.5%, as well as Hungary with 0.3%, Romanians with 0.3%, and Poles with 0.3%.
Percentage of Muslims in Ukraine
- The number of Muslims in Ukraine exceeds 300,000, and they make up 6% of the country's total population.
- Islam reached Ukraine in the fifteenth century AD, where the beginning of its spread dates back to the Crimea, and the Crimean Tatars constitute a large proportion of the Muslims of Ukraine.
- In 1944, Crimean Muslims immigrated to Uzbekistan and several Central Asian countries, after Stalin issued a decision to deport them, accusing them of supporting Nazism. The number of deported Crimean Tatars reached 200,000.
Ukraine has many tourist destinations that attract tourists from different countries of the world, and the most prominent of these destinations are:
- City Garden is one of the most famous parks in Ukraine, and it is distinguished by its vast green spaces.
- One of the highlights of the City Garden is the Summer Theater of the Odessa Philharmonic, as well as the dancing musical fountain.
- The City Garden also includes many memorials to the most famous Ukrainian personalities.
- Shevchenko Park is located across from Kyiv University, and the reason behind it is named after the Ukrainian poet Taras Shevchenko, where the park includes his memorial at its beginning.
- The park houses the Obanas restaurant, which offers visitors a selection of the best local Ukrainian cuisine.
- Odessa Zoo includes a group of the largest animals with a total of 243 different species, including rare endangered species.
- One of the highlights of the Odessa Zoo is the Crocodile House, which allows visitors to explore various species of crocodiles.
- Palanuk Castle is one of the most famous historical monuments in Ukraine and is called “Mukachevo Castle”. It is located at an altitude of 68 meters, and its construction dates back to the fourteenth century AD.
- It is distinguished by its medieval architectural design, and its walls are adorned with unique carvings.
Among the most prominent other tourist destinations in Ukraine are the following:
- Swallow's Nest Castle.
- Botanical Garden.
- Yalta Castle.
- Golden Gate.
- National Museum of Art.
- National Opera House.
- Landscape District.
At the conclusion of this article, we have explained to you When was Ukraine founded, in addition to the most important information about the history of Ukraine and its population, as well as the percentage of Muslims in Ukraine and its most famous tourist attractions.